What are Altcoins: How Do They Work

Cryptocurrencies are one of the most popular topics in the world right now. With Bitcoin reaching an all-time high value, more and more people are looking to invest in digital currencies. But what are cryptocurrencies, and how do they work?

Cryptocurrencies are a type of digital currency that uses cryptography to secure its transactions and to control the creation of new units. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, meaning they are not subject to government or financial institution control. Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009.

Since Bitcoin’s launch, hundreds of other cryptocurrencies have been created. These cryptocurrencies are known as “altcoins.” Altcoins are alternatives to Bitcoin and have their own rules and protocols. Some examples of altcoins include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, and Dash.

What is a Blockchain?

Source: naval-technology.com

A blockchain is a decentralized public ledger for cryptocurrency transactions. Every transaction made on the blockchain is recorded as part of a “block.” Each block records some or all of the most recent transactions, as well as the hash of the previous block. This allows for a chain of blocks to be created, hence the name “blockchain.”

The blockchain is used to verify and secure cryptocurrency transactions. The blockchain is also public, meaning anyone can view it. This openness helps to ensure that all transactions are fair and transparent. And this is, at the same time, the biggest and the most revolutionary aspect of crypto, or in other words – decentralized money.

By establishing complete transparency between all the users in this system, the need for third parties has practically been erased. Not only the system controls itself, but every transaction is being monitored, which finally results in less manipulation of all the before mentioned (especially compared with the traditional banking system).

How Do Cryptocurrencies Work?

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As we’ve previously mentioned, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, Dash are all examples of cryptocurrencies, but there are more than 13 thousand of them, till this day. It seems like all of them have been invented as a response to BTC, the main crypto on the market. These digital currencies brought numerous positive changes to the financial market. Firstly, in the way people perceive investing and trading (this significantly changed), and secondly, the way traditional financial institutions work, since they’ve also been impacted by crypto.

It’s useful to know that Altcoins are traded similarly to how stocks are traded on the stock market. Users make offers for one another’s coins at their chosen price. When an offer has been made and matched by another user, the transaction is complete. There are numerous ways you can trade cryptocurrencies, as well as different types of wallets.

If there are no buyers at a user’s chosen price, or if you’ve just bought the coins, the coins are stored in a “wallet” until a new offer is made, either yours or the other party’s wallet (depending on who bought and who sold the coins). One of the safest places to trade is through the BitcoinLoophole platform.

But who do cryptocurrencies appear on the market? Where are they being made? Simply put, cryptocurrencies are created through a process called “mining.” Miners use computers to solve complex mathematical problems in order to verify transactions on the blockchain and receive new cryptocurrency as a reward. This process requires large amounts of computing power and time, meaning that there can’t be thousands of miners.

The very process is reserved only for those who are well-equipped and ready to make big initial investments, along with constant investing, since the mining process has extremely high costs (but the rewards are high as well).

Source: thetechrim.com

But if you thought that crypto is a stable market, then you are wrong. Much like other currencies, cryptocurrencies are volatile due to the fact that their values can fluctuate significantly depending on the markets and exchanges where they’re traded. Some of them are extremely volatile, while others are getting more and more stable. However, it’s good to know that cryptocurrencies are risky, and depending on many factors, global economy, and changes in it, political and other factors – they are oftentimes as risky as stocks, or even riskier.

On the other hand, inflation is a real thing, and decentralized money might be the perfect alternative and a great solution to save your money from losing value over time. Traditional saving and having a bank account means choosing to lose money over time, as its value deteriorates. On the other hand, investing in Altcoins means that your money’s value can grow over time. But that’s not the only thing you can use coins for.

As the world starts being more open and more accepting of new technologies, many places have started considering crypto as a payment method. That being said, cryptocurrencies can be used in a wide variety of transactions, such as purchasing goods or services online, investing in companies or start-ups, and transferring money between parties. You thought you can’t buy a coffee with crypto? You were wrong. On the other hand, it’s even possible to purchase a car or a property, only using BTC or any Altcoin.

Why would you choose Altcoins? People are turning to cryptocurrencies because they allow users to make secure transactions without needing to trust any third party. Cryptocurrencies also offer an easy avenue for making money, as long as the markets remain open and there are buyers willing to purchase coins at the set price.

The future of digital currencies is uncertain, but it appears that cryptocurrencies will continue to grow in popularity as more people become interested in their potential uses. One of the reasons for this popularity is the fact that many celebrities speak about BTC and other crypto in public, which is how people often hear about them and decide to indulge in this journey themselves.

Now that you know about altcoins, how they work and what a blockchain is, you can make an informed decision on whether or not to invest in them. Besides Bitcoin, there are tons of other coins that you can trade and invest in. Considering all the benefits, it seems like the only thing you need is a good platform to get started and a bit of research beforehand.

Remember to always do your own research before investing in any cryptocurrency. Just like any other investment opportunity, you will need to carry out due diligence on your part to understand the risks involved.


Whether you are trading using Bitcoin or altcoins, there is a very high possibility of making some good money. However, it is advisable to understand the process so as to avert the potential risks which are involved in crypto trading. Therefore, make sure to get all the needed info, but don’t hesitate to make the move and start investing smart!