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User Image royal_history_ Posted: Mar 20, 2018 10:58 AM (UTC)

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" Nicholas II had no choice but to make a number of steps in the constitutional liberal direction. The Tsar accepted the draft, hurriedly outlined by Aleksei D. Obolensky. The Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias was forced to sign the October Manifesto, to agree with the establishment of the Imperial Duma, and give up part of his unlimited autocracy. For the next six months, Witte was the Prime Minister. According to Harold Williams: "That government was almost paralyzed from the beginning. On 26 October (O.S.) the Tsar appointed Trepov Master of the Palace (without consulting Witte), and had daily contact with the Emperor; his influence at court was paramount. On 1 November 1905, (O.S.) Princess Milica of Montenegro presented Grigori Rasputin to Tsar Nicholas and his wife at Peterhof Palace.Under pressure from the attempted 1905 Russian Revolution, on 5 August of that year Nicholas II issued a manifesto about the convocation of the State Duma, known as the Bulygin Duma, initially thought to be an advisory organ. In the October Manifesto, the Tsar pledged to introduce basic civil liberties, provide for broad participation in the State Duma, and endow the Duma with legislative and oversight powers. He was determined, however, to preserve his autocracy even in the context of reform. This was signalled in the text of the 1906 constitution. He was described as the supreme autocrat, and retained sweeping executive powers, also in church affairs. His cabinet ministers were not allowed to interfere or assist each other; they were responsible only to him.Nicholas's relations with the Duma were poor. The First Duma, with a majority of Kadets, almost immediately came into conflict with him. Scarcely had the 524 members sat down at the Tauride Palace when they formulated an 'Address to the Throne'. It demanded universal suffrage, radical land reform, the release of all political prisoners and the dismissal of ministers appointed by the Tsar in favour of ministers acceptable to the Duma.#romanovs#romanov#romanovdynasty#dynasty#history#tsar#nicholasii#tsarnicholasii#nicholasromanov#ofromanov#houseofromanov#royal#royalfamily#royalty#historylover#russia#russianhistory
User Image royal_history_ Posted: Mar 20, 2018 10:55 AM (UTC)

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Around August/September, after his diplomatic success on ending the Russo-Japanese War, Witte wrote to the Tsar stressing the urgent need for political reforms at home. The Tsar remained quiet impassive and indulgent; he spent most of that autumn hunting.[57] With the defeat of Russia by a non-Western power, the prestige and authority of the autocratic regime fell significantly.[58] Tsar Nicholas II, taken by surprise by the events, reacted with anger and bewilderment. He wrote to his mother after months of disorder:

It makes me sick to read the news! Nothing but strikes in schools and factories, murdered policemen, Cossacks and soldiers, riots, disorder, mutinies. But the ministers, instead of acting with quick decision, only assemble in council like a lot of frightened hens and cackle about providing united ministerial action... ominous quiet days began, quiet indeed because there was complete order in the streets, but at the same time everybody knew that something was going to happen — the troops were waiting for the signal, but the other side would not begin. One had the same feeling, as before a thunderstorm in summer! Everybody was on edge and extremely nervous and of course, that sort of strain could not go on for long.... We are in the midst of a revolution with an administrative apparatus entirely disorganized, and in this lies the main danger.
In October a railway strike developed into a general strike which paralysed the country. In a city without electricity, Witte told Nicholas II, "that the country was at the verge of a cataclysmic revolution". According to Orlando Figes the Tsar asked his uncle Grand Duke Nicholas to assume the role of dictator. "But the Grand Duke ... took out a revolver and threatened to shoot himself there and then if the Tsar refused to endorse Witte's memorandum." #romanovs#romanov#romanovdynasty#dynasty#history#tsar#nicholasii#tsarnicholasii#nicholasromanov#ofromanov#houseofromanov#royal#royalfamily#royalty#historylover#russia#russianhistory#nicholasalexandrovich
User Image royal_history_ Posted: Mar 20, 2018 10:53 AM (UTC)

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The official number of victims was 92 dead and several hundred wounded. Gapon vanished and the other leaders of the march were seized. Expelled from the capital, they circulated through the empire, increasing the casualties. As bullets riddled their icons, their banners and their portraits of Nicholas, the people shrieked, "The Tsar will not help us!". Outside Russia, the future British Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald attacked the Tsar, calling him a "blood-stained creature and a common murderer".From his hiding place Gapon issued a letter, stating "Nicholas Romanov, formerly Tsar and at present soul-murderer of the Russian empire. The innocent blood of workers, their wives and children lies forever between you and the Russian people ... May all the blood which must be spilled fall upon you, you Hangman. I call upon all the socialist parties of Russia to come to an immediate agreement among themselves and bring an armed uprising against Tsarism."Confronted with growing opposition and after consulting with Witte and Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky, the Tsar issued a reform ukase on December 25, 1904 with vague promises. In hopes of cutting short the rebellion, many demonstrators were shot on Bloody Sunday (1905) as they tried to march to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. Dmitri Feodorovich Trepov was ordered to take drastic measures to stop the revolutionary activity. Grand Duke Sergei was killed in February by a revolutionary's bomb in Moscow as he left the Kremlin. On 3 March the Tsar condemned the revolutionaries. Meanwhile, Witte recommended that a manifesto be issued. Schemes of reform would be elaborated by Goremykin and a committee consisting of elected representatives of the zemstvos and municipal councils under the presidency of Witte. In June the battleship Potemkin, part of the Black Sea Fleet, mutinied.#romanovs#romanov#romanovdynasty#dynasty#history#tsar#nicholasii#tsarnicholasii#nicholasromanov#ofromanov#houseofromanov#royal#royalfamily#royalty#historylover#russia#russianhistory#nicholasalexandrovich
User Image royal_history_ Posted: Mar 20, 2018 10:50 AM (UTC)

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A few days prior to Bloody Sunday (9 (22) January 1905), the priest and labor leader Georgy Gapon informed the government of the forthcoming procession to the Winter Palace to hand a workers' petition to the Tsar. On Saturday, 8 (21) January, the ministers convened to consider the situation. There was never any thought that the Tsar, who had left the capital for Tsarskoye Selo on the advice of the ministers, would actually meet Gapon; the suggestion that some other member of the imperial family receive the petition was rejected. Finally informed by the Prefect of Police that he lacked the men to pluck Gapon from among his followers and place him under arrest, the newly appointed Minister of the Interior, Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky, and his colleagues decided to bring additional troops to reinforce the city. That evening Nicholas wrote in his diary, "Troops have been brought from the outskirts to reinforce the garrison. Up to now the workers have been calm. Their number is estimated at 120,000. At the head of their union is a kind of socialist priest named Gapon. Mirsky came this evening to present his report on the measures taken." On Sunday, 9 (22) January 1905, Gapon began his march. Locking arms, the workers marched peacefully through the streets. Some carried religious icons and banners, as well as national flags and portraits of the Tsar. As they walked, they sang hymns and the Imperial anthem, God Save The Tsar. At 2 PM all of the converging processions were scheduled to arrive at the Winter Palace. There was no single confrontation with the troops. Throughout the city, at bridges on strategic boulevards, the marchers found their way blocked by lines of infantry, backed by Cossacks and Hussars; and the soldiers opened fire on the crowd. #romanovs#romanov#romanovdynasty#dynasty#history#tsar#nicholasii#tsarnicholasii#nicholasromanov#ofromanov#houseofromanov#royal#royalfamily#royalty#historylover#russia#russianhistory#nicholasalexandrovich
User Image wintermaplecosplay Posted: Mar 20, 2018 6:14 AM (UTC)

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Apparently it's named after the Russian satellite. Hydra what other secrets are you hiding. #wintersoldierfacts #interesting #russianhistory #marvel
User Image thetwentiethcentury_ Posted: Mar 20, 2018 3:19 AM (UTC)

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Rare colour photographs taken by Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii in the Russian Empire between the years of 1909 and 1918. After studying chemistry with Mendeleev and later with Adolf Miethe, Gorskii started developing his own techniques and processes of colour photography.

In 1909, he convinced the Tsar Nicolas II to send him on a trip across the Russian Empire to document its impressive diversity. It was a 10-year project, during which Gorskii took over 10 000 pictures that survive and impress to this day.

#history #photography #earlyphotography #colourphotography #sergeiprokudingorskii #russia #russianempire #tsarnicolasii #culture #culturaldiversity #historynerd #historybuff #historylover #film #russianhistory #worldhistory #historyig #historyigers
User Image faces_and_style Posted: Mar 20, 2018 1:55 AM (UTC)

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Now... how to convince Lucille that she’s too young to participate in tomorrow’s theme for #EdwardianSpring2018 Challenge ? 🙈😂 Tomorrow, Day 20, is “The Undergarments “
Tag your photos #EdwardianSpring2018Day20 !
Lucille ‘s adventures are here 👉🏻#facesandstylelucille
Ну и как мне убедить Люсиль что она мала ещё участвовать в дне 20 «Нижнее Бельё» ?? 🙈😂
Наш Челлендж Эдвардианская Весна вы найдёте здесь 👉🏻
На день 20 ставьте теги :



Присоединяйтесь к нам в любое время в марте )) Вы можете делать посты по всем дням до конца марта !
Не забывайте добавлять тег дня ! 🙋🏼‍♀️ ————-
Мои чудесные фарфоровые #бжд куклы ручной работы от @tomabogdanova
Их приключения здесь : #facesandstylelucille
#шарнирка#шарнирнаякукла #bjdoll
#фарфороваякукла #balljointdoll #balljointdolls #balljointedoll #balljoint #porcelaindoll #коллекционнаякукла #кукларучнойработы #куклаизфарфора #куклабжд #шарнирнаяфарфороваякукла
#шарнирныекуклы #русскийстиль #кокошник #матрешка #русскийстиль #русскийдизайнер #русскаядуша
#russianHistory #russianculture #fashiondoll
User Image arinareads Posted: Mar 20, 2018 1:42 AM (UTC)

2 Juno
As some of you might know, I've long been interested in the Romanovs, especially the last Tsar. This is one of my favorite non-fiction books, and I loved reading it. There is an update epilogue which informs the reader of the discovery of the missing Romanovs. Their remains where found in some woods, and their terrible fate was finally confirmed. I would recommend this to everyone and I'm planning on re-reading it at some point. .
#history #russianhistory #romanovs #romanov #nicholasii #tsar #historybooks #nonfiction #nonfictionbooks #nicholasandalexandra #robertkmassie
User Image misschiara Posted: Mar 20, 2018 1:10 AM (UTC)
0 Juno
My student drew what we lectured on today, and I love it! Meet Stalin, Rasputin, Lenin, and Trotsky :) @johanntheslayer #russianhistory #historyrocks #teacherchronicles
User Image thinkingowlish Posted: Mar 19, 2018 8:39 PM (UTC)

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What a journey, from 1613 to 1918. Peter the Great, the russian Venus, Catherine the Great, Alexander I., Nicholas II. and so many more. "The Romanovs" were the second dynasty to rule Russia as Tsars. The british historian Simon Sebag Montefiore wrote their biography in this beautiful designed, golden book, with added photographs. With this book I learned so much about russian history, about the famous Tsars, the revolution, the traditions, the contexts, but also about Rasputin, Napoleon, Lenin, Queen Victoria of Great Britain and so many more. And I am thankful. The conclusion is short and harsh and the brilliant thing is, Montefiore brings russians past of monarchy in relation to the presence of this nation.
At first I was upset because of these so, so many footnotes that often are longer as the main text. Next to that they sometimes repeated the same informations that are already in the text. And Montefiore for me seems to have a cruel relation to nonstraight sexual orientations. But after the half of the book I was just absorbing the great work of research. And I do not want to forget these hilarious sexual anecdotes, or better code names in it. I think I will open this book many more times from now on. Glorious, a russian core for me.
#россия #царь #романовы #монтефьоре #история #литература #екатеринавеликая #петрвеликий #санктпетербург #romanow #romanov #romanovs #simonsebagmontefiore #montefiore #russianhistory #history #literature #igreads #bookstagram #instabook #bookstagrammer #biography #tsars #peterthegreat #zar #leseempfehlung #russland #literatur #monarchie
User Image women_ofhistory Posted: Mar 19, 2018 7:02 PM (UTC)

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Soviet women suffered grievously in the post-ww2 world. Those in uniform were demobilized, and many in industry were demoted to make way for returning male veterans. Women in the workforce were also saddled with housekeeping and childcare - a virtual double shift. The greatest emotional burden for women was the loss in the war of the men they loved, husbands, sons, fathers, brothers, lovers, and fiances. In 1939, there were 7 million more women than men in the Soviet Union; in 1959, about 20 million more. This sentenced millions of widows and single women to a life without marriage and, for many, without any kind of partnership. The suffering was passed on to children, legitimate or otherwise, who had to grow up without a father. A new generation of one-parent children enlarged the pool of alienated youth too young to have fought in the war, but victims of it nonetheless.

An excerpt from "A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces."
User Image beastlyautoimmunity Posted: Mar 19, 2018 3:28 PM (UTC)

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Sophia on Amazon Prime. I absolutely love history and watch subtitled native language serials about it. This is about the last Byzantine Princess who married the Grand Prince of Moscow and together they brought a new age for Russia. It is fascinating, and well worth the subtitles. #sophia #amazonprime #russianhistory #byzantineprincess #historynerd #beastlyautoimmunity

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