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oscarniemeyerworks Image from the public archives showing the #Superquadra #church.

Before the decorative tiles by #AthosBulcão were produced, #Niemeyer opted for white outer walls contrasting with the apparent #concrete structure. By the same artist, the door design is similar to that of the Alvorada #chapel with colorful glass panes. The interior featured a mural by #AlfredoVolpi, lost at an unknown date, even though original plans specified wood.

At an unknown date, after the trademark blue tiles were applied, the building underwent some changes, probably by Oscar himself, as to adapt it aesthetically. The doors were replaced by latticed woodwork ones and the columns/roof were painted white. The ‘beam’ over the entrance is actually an indirect light molding (very well designed, as can be seen in detail drawings). #OscarNiemeyer #modernism #modernarchitecture #architecture #midcenturymodern #midcentury #Brasilia #archilovers
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oscarniemeyerworks Finalised #church in September #1958.

Regarding the larger version, it is interesting how developed the construction plans were. Joaquim Cardozo had all the calculations ready for a ribbed slab which would constitute the roof. For the smaller, he devised a different solution which can be seen in the image - longitudinal beams that are not really hung from the pillars, but rest on elastic supports hidden by the walls.

This lead to strong criticism, given the 'untrue' nature of structural expression - however with undeniable plastic expression. Note that the walls are white, since the decorative tiles by #AthosBulcão took a while to be prepared (they have always been planned, not a latter addition). #OscarNiemeyer #Niemeyer #Brasilia #modernism #midcentury #midcenturymodern #architecture #modernarchitecture
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oscarniemeyerworks #Floorplan of the two schemes for a #church in #Brasilia. From Suyene Arakaki’s Master thesis (#UnB). Approximately to scale, this image shows how the first proposal would both meet the current demand as well as be too large for its setting. The dashed lines on the first plan shows the entrance under the choir, as it is the case in Pampulha. A curved wall defines the baptistery, which also occurs in the smaller design, though in a different location. A pulpit has always been present in the plans, but it was never built.

#OscarNiemeyer #Niemeyer #modernism #modernarchitecture #architecture #plan #midcentury #midcenturymodern #brazilianarchitecture #archidaily
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oscarniemeyerworks Back façade of a #church in #Brasilia.

Compared to the built scheme, the main difference is the size – the planned 850m² were reduced to modest 350, partially due to the need for faster construction. Lady #Kubitschek had made a promise regarding her daughter’s health, and an upcoming wedding was to be hosted there.

The walls were also straight, in contrast to the built curved layout. The separation between planes allows natural light in, and contribute to the overall delicate feel. Interesting is the massive beam which hangs the sacristy 50cm above the ground in the back (as the altar is slightly higher than the nave). I guess #Niemeyer didn’t care for a more logical solution!

#OscarNiemeyer #modernism #modernarchitecture #architecture #midcentury #midcenturymodern #fifties #chapel #architecturalmodel #BrazilianArchitecture
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Normal Oscar Niemeyer Works
oscarniemeyerworks #Architecturalmodel of a #church in #Brasilia.

Few people know that the small Our Lady of Fátima #chapel, a famous jewel by #Niemeyer, was originally intended to be a much larger temple. Featuring the same plastic defining elements – triangular columns and hanging roof – it nevertheless had a different floor plan that even featured an annex.

Though not shown in the model, the larger scale allowed for a choir over the entrance, accessed via spiral stairs on the outside. Noteworthy is the cut on the right wall allowing for a bell (in a similar fashion to the Alvorada chapel) and the beautiful altar design.

#OscarNiemeyer #architecture #modernarchitecture #modernism #midcentury #midcenturymodern #brazilianarchitecture #fifties
1w

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franparreira Uma mala e outras milhões de coisas pra fazer e eu aqui curtindo a paz de estar sentada embaixo de um bloco no Plano vendo o movimento, olhando o céu e sentido esse ventinho maravilhoso. #Bsb #Superquadra #céu #paz 1w

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